Krystal Blue Intl.

Green with Envy – The Beauty of Limes

GreeMargarita on Flag of Mexicon with Envy – The Beauty of Limes

Limes….not just for cocktails anymore!  Limes are a refreshing summertime treat, used in gin & tonics, margaritas, and Mexican beer.  But what about spa treatments?  If there’s citrus on the menu it’s usually standard lemon, orange, or grapefruit.   Limes however, can bring you great benefits so get ready to refresh yourself all over.

Limes contain even more antioxidant properties than their citrus cousins.  Remember your history, limes were eaten MP900387874[1]onboard ships to prevent scurvy because they offer twice the Vitamin C of lemons!  Limes can naturally lighten, brighten, exfoliate and purify skin, as well as nourish and tone.  They have astringent properties which can be helpful for oily or acneic skin issues too.

As an added benefit, the scent of lime can energize and rejuvenate your mood.  Lime provides clarity not only physically, but mentally as well.  It is uplifting, cheerful, mood enhancing, and may have anti-depressant properties.  So if you’re looking for a brighter complexion, to clarify breakout prone skin and to rejuvenate your mind and body, look to limes for your answer.

Some of my favorite lime spa treatments are Theravine™’s Crushed Pinotage Honey & Lime Buff exfoliating scrub.  I can’t get enough of the scent, it is the most delicious and intoxicating scrub I have ever experienced.  It’s refreshing and a true mood enhancer while exfoliating my skin and making me soft and smooth all over.

t521_NIF gentle_foaming_cleanserAlso in the zesty lime range is Theravine’s™ Gentle Foaming Cleanser.  This cleanser is sure to put a smile on your face each and everytime you use it.  It will help your problem skin and help you face the day ahead.  Limes, not just for cocktails!


Plastic Makes Up 70% of Marine Debris – Clean Up Your Local Beach and Save Marine Life

Earlier this month, I was lucky enough to be invited on a whale watching expedition off the coast of San Francisco. A bumpy two-hour ride out, a lot of horizon searching and then the whalers’ cry ‘Tha She Blows’! To see the fountain of expelled air is exciting enough but then to see the animal itself, to watch its huge back break the waves and the fluke (tail) flick up as the whale dives deep again is truly heart-warming.

That day I watched two big grey whales and three humpback whales journeying through the Pacific Ocean. Seeing a whale up close in its natural environment, really does take your breath away. I joined the millions of people world-wide who want to protect these magnificent creatures from Japanese whaling boats and anyone else who would want to harm them.

As we motored out of San Francisco harbour and then motored back in again, amongst the gulls, the seals, yachts and puffins, we passed small collections of plastic bobbing around. These were not lobster pot markers. This was man-made detritus and we should be ashamed of ourselves.

At the end of the trip, the Marine Naturalist who was with us summed up our sea expedition and closed by asking each of us to be aware of how litter can destroy marine environments and cause damage to sea creatures. “Please keep your local beach clean”, she urged us.

Turtles die because they eat plastic bags, mistaking them for jellyfish. Albatross think small broken up pieces of bleached plastic are plankton or fish eggs and feed them to their chicks who subsequently die. Plastic makes up 70% of marine debris.

Coming home to England and living near Brighton beach, the Naturalist’s words rang in my head. On my first walk along the beach, I took a plastic bag to collect rubbish. I walked the beach between the Brighton Marina and the children’s playground – an area of about a third of a mile. My bag was full by the time I got half-way along. It was full of bits of plastic, aluminium cans, tangled fishing line and empty sandwich wrappers.

I walked away from the sea with my bag of rubbish, down a path by Grace’s beach cafe. A man who looked as though he was probably in his 60s stood drinking coffee from a cardboard cup. He finished his coffee and instead of putting the cup in the bin not a yard away from him, threw it over the small stone wall which edges the path.

I’m not a confrontational person and rather than anger, I felt sadness that this older person with all his experience of life should so blatantly litter his environment – and I said so. He shouted that I should ‘go away and stop bothering people.’ No convert there but who knows? Maybe next time he’s about to discard litter, he will look about for a bin to put it in. I hope so.

I leant over the wall, picked up his coffee cup and put it with my bag of litter in the bin right beside the cafe.

The production of plastic doubles every decade. As we grow older, we must use our experience to influence a younger generation coming up behind us to be considerate of the environment. We need to make sure they understand the damage that sea garbage can wreak on the sea, its fish, mammals and birds. If we don’t, what chance has the world got?

Article Source:

Ocean Facts: Marine Life in the Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the greatest illustration of marine biodiversity in this world with its vibrant population of whales, sharks and fish. That’s why it is very important conserve this diverse marine life through education.

If you would like understand everything with regards to the ocean and marine life, the best place to begin with is the largest ocean on earth, the Pacific Ocean. It covers about 135,663 kilometers of coastline and about 28% of the world’s surface. It stretches through the coastlines of continents such as North America, South America, Asia, and Australia. The Mariana Trench is the deepest portion of any ocean on earth with a depth of 36,201 feet. Numerous islands also dot this wide ocean, which includes Tahiti, Fiji, and Hawaii.

Because of its vastness, the Pacific Ocean is additionally the place to find numerous sea animals. It is one of the most diverse habitats in this world as you’ll find whales, dolphins, fish, and crustaceans here. From the most fearsome sharks to tiny planktons, you will find a diverse assortment of ocean life in this part of the world. This huge number of marine life helps make this ocean among the finest sites for biodiversity on earth.

Just what sorts of sea animals is found in the Pacific? On the topmost tier of the food chain is the whale. The blue, humpback, and sperm whales are just many of the beings which thrive in this ocean. These gentle beings are important in the environment and diversity of the Pacific. Krill, plankton, as well as other tiny fish are a significant part of the diet of the gentle giants, however the killer whale can consume other whales and seals. Sadly, a few of these sea animals are on the brink of extinction.

Various types of sharks also call the Pacific Ocean their home. These kinds of predators are sometimes misrepresented in movies and in books, and this has sometimes added to the species’ vulnerability and near extinction. Its skin comprises of cartilage material (a stuff that is present in human noses and ears), which makes it very hard to cut into.

The Pacific Ocean is also home to a lot of types of fish used in industrial fishing which includes salmon, sardines, and mackerel. Extraordinary kinds of fish such as the Cocinero, Hawaiian ladyfish, and Bering flounder are also found in this ocean. This kind of marine life feeds many people, which is one of the reasons why it is really worth protecting.

The world’s greatest coral reefs are also in the Pacific. These coral reefs are the place to find a diversity of ocean life, which is why a lot of energy is invested in preserving them. Reefs can take thousands of years to develop plus some have even taken up to millions of years to build. The Pacific Ocean is home to wonderful coral reefs such as the ones situated in Australia, New Caledonia, and Papua New Guinea. These reefs contain huge ocean life which needs to be preserved.

The Pacific Ocean isn’t just a large, blue, and vacant space. It’s full of sea animals as well as other organisms that contribute so much to the harmony in the eco-system. We need to understand the value of the ocean and the marine life for us to learn ways to safeguard our heritage for ourselves and for the future generation. Preserving this vast collection of ocean life needs to be one of the top priorities in our preservation efforts, and education plays a large role in this. With the right education, we may just be able to preserve many of the sea animals on the brink of extinction these days.

Article Source:

Plastic Pollution – A Ticking Time Bomb For the Ocean

Recently, we saw the Plastiki – a sailboat made out of 12,500 plastic bottles – complete its 15,000 km journey from San Francisco to Sydney. The publicity surrounding this event has been used to highlight the perils facing the oceans and one of them is plastic waste.

A big mess in the oceans
According to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), over 13,000 pieces of plastic litter the surface of each square kilometre of ocean.

Charles Moore, the scientist credited for discovering the Pacific Garbage Patch said earlier this year: “Humanity’s plastic footprint is probably more dangerous than its carbon footprint.”

We’ve heard of the Pacific Garbage Patch, now scientists are warning that a floating mass of scattered refuse extends over thousands of square miles in the remote Atlantic.

Marine life – the victims of our plastic pollution
The NOAA estimates 100,000 turtles and marine mammals are killed by garbage every year. Turtles are particularly vulnerable as they cannot distinguish between jellyfish (their staple feed) and plastic.

Plastic pollution is also a hazard to human safety. Waste can clog up waterways and this can have catastrophic consequences. Plastics were identified as a major contributor to severe flooding in Bangladesh in the late 1990s and in the aftermath, a total ban was imposed on plastic bags.

An expensive mess
Plastic waste is expensive. Plastic products may be cheap to produce – just pennies for a typical shopping bag – but their cleanup (not to mention their effects on human and environmental health) can cost a lot more.

Is biodegradable plastic the solution?
It’s worth bearing in mind how plastics are made. They are petroleum products made from a non-renewable source and dependency on oil is continued with plastic use.

Plastics do not break down easily. The time required for a typical plastic bag to decompose is believed to range from 20 to 1,000 years.

Biodegradable plastics have been around for over twenty years. These are made using products such as corn, hemp and soy. While this is not a solution to the plastic waste problem (because biodegradable plastics can also have an environmental impact), it is a serious consideration within the wider scheme of waste management.

Reduce, reuse, recycle
The fact of the matter is, if you use it, it has to end up somewhere. Only by following the three Rs motto, can the plastic problem be dealt with.

Using less plastic
The simple solution is to not create the waste in the first place.

Is that bottle of soda or water really necessary? Less than 20 per cent of plastic water bottles are recycled. We also have to ask ourselves if we really need those extra household items that won’t be in use for long and will create more waste.

Recycling is everyone’s responsibility
It is estimated that between 3 and 6 per cent of plastics are recycled around the world. There is need for improvement. The mindset has to change from “disposable” to RECYCLABLE.

Companies who have taken initiatives to make their products more recyclable are seeing rewards. At the government level, those municipalities and local governments that have incorporated recycling into their waste management schemes are dealing with significantly less waste going to the landfills.

Consumers have to play their part by making a greater effort to recycle. Too many recyclable items are still going to the landfills.

Dispose properly
We shouldn’t forget this important aspect. Carelessly tossed waste is more likely to end up in the waterways than if it was placed in a disposal unit. 80 per cent of ocean plastics come from land.

Article Source:

Our Polluted Oceans – 6 Million Pounds, 7.2 Million Pieces of Trash

This is a very interesting article:

This report includes brand new data from the 2007 International Coastal Cleanup, which billed itself as the “most comprehensive snapshot of the harmful impacts of marine debris.”

According to Laura Capps, senior vice president at the Ocean Conservancy, “Our ocean is sick, and the plain truth is that our ocean ecosystem cannot protect us unless it is healthy and resilient. Harmful impacts like trash in the ocean, pollution, climate change, and habitat destruction are taking its toll.”

H. Josef Hebert of the AP states, “volunteers scoured 33,000 miles of shoreline worldwide and found 6 million pounds of debris from cigarette butts and food wrappers to abandoned fishing lines and plastic bags that threaten seabirds and marine mammals.” That 6 million pounds translates into nearly 7.2 million individual items. In all that trash – what were the ten most common types of debris found in our oceans?

Most Common Debris


  • Cigarettes and Cigarette Filters – 1.97 Million
  • Food Wrappers and Containers – 693,612
  • Caps and Lids – 656,088
  • Bags – 587,827
  • Beverage Bottles (Plastic) – 494,647
  • Cups, Plates, Forks, Knives and Spoons – 376,294
  • Beverage Bottles (Glass) – 349,143
  • Cigar Tips – 325,893
  • Straws and Stirrers – 324,680
  • Beverage Cans – 308,292


In the ocean these items are deadly to marine life. Pollution in our oceans kills more than one million seabirds and 100,000 marine mammals and turtles each year. A large percentage of our most common forms of debris are recyclable. Why do we choose to waste precious resources, polluting our oceans and killing our marine life? Instead of polluting, we need to protect our oceans and their eco-systems. How? By making sure your recyclables and trash and are disposed of properly.

Article Source:

What is the Cause of Water Pollution?

Water pollution refers to the changes in the physical, biological, and chemical conditions of any body of water which harmfully disrupts the balance of the ecosystem.

Like any type of pollution, water pollution results when an overwhelming amount of waste coming from different sources of pollutants can no longer be accommodated by the natural ecosystem. Consequently, when the wastes are not destroyed as fast as they are produced, they make it unfavorable to humans and many other organisms. But that’s not all. Learn more about what causes water pollution.

There are actually many specific reasons behind what causes water pollution. However, it is important to familiarize yourself with the two main categories of water pollution. Some pollution comes directly from one’s specific location. This type of pollution is called point source pollution such as sewage pipes that empty polluted water into the river and farmland. Meanwhile, non-point source pollution is pollution that comes from large areas like gasoline and other dirt from highways that go into the lakes and rivers.

What are the causes water pollution? Who are the culprits who should be responsible for the harm brought by their pollutants? How do these sources of pollution pollute different bodies of water?

One major cause of water pollution that has caused serious environmental and health problems are the pollutants coming from chemical and industrial processes. When factories and manufacturers pour their chemicals and livestock wastes directly into streams and rivers, the water becomes poisonous and oxygen levels are depleted causing many aquatic organisms to die. These wastes include solvents and toxic substances. Most of the wastes are not biodegradable. Power plants, paper mills, refineries, automobile factories dispose waste into the rivers.

The heated water from the power plants is called thermal pollution. This kills aquatic animals and plants by reducing the oxygen content of the water. Power plants use water to cool their machineries, thus changing the temperature of the water.

Aside from thermal pollution, there are also organic and inorganic pollutants. The organic wastes include refuse from slaughter houses, fish and meat canning factories, and leather tanning companies, manufacturing plants, pesticides and crude oil companies. Since organic wastes are decomposed by microorganisms, much of the dissolved oxygen in water is used up and the waster begins to stink.

Inorganic wastes include toxic and corrosive substances like acids, heavy metals, mercury, cadmium and lead which can impair the normal body processes. Battery manufacturers, mining, paper mills increase the concentration of mercury making the water dangerous and poisonous for most living things.

Another cause of water pollution is from pesticides. Farm pesticides poison aquatic plants and animals. Animal manure, chemical fertilizers, phosphate detergent pollute water by supplying excess nutrients. This pollution is known as eutrophication. This greatly increases the growth of algae in water thereby decreasing the amount of oxygen level in water causing the death of many aquatic organisms.

Water is also being polluted by garbage specifically plastics and other plastic-like substances. Some plastic like nylon can entangle fishes and other marine animals. Plastics that have broken down into tiny pieces can be eaten by sea creatures which may cause their death. Since plastic is non-biodegradable, it will continue to kill more fishes.

One more cause of water pollution is sewage coming from households. Since no one wants to live in a polluted area, near a dumpsite or landfill, the wastewater and untreated sewage are carried away from the home polluting different bodies of water. Most developing countries practice this type of sewage disposal. Even modern countries carry poorly treated sewage to canals leading to major bodies of water. The danger is when the sewage pipes gets broken and waste contaminates the drinking water. When this happens, the breakage will open a wide array of water borne diseases that will surely pose peril to consumers.

Last among the causes of water pollution are personal care and household products. Shampoo, lotion, moisturizer, hair dye, bleach, laundry detergent, fabric softener, and many others contribute to water pollution. Human waste is not the only thing that goes to sewage. These products also join the wastewater to contaminate the streams, rivers, and lakes.

Although the world abounds with water, only three percent of it is potable. Included in the 3% source of potable water are the streams, spring, rivers, lakes, and waterfalls that are continuously being threatened and contaminated by the different factors that cause of water pollution. If the sources of water pollution are not controlled, this basic necessity will eventually become a rare commodity only a few can afford to have.

Article Source:

Understanding the Aquatic Ecosystem

A type of aquatic ecosystem is one in which the water is mostly salt water instead of fresh water. There are other types including rivers, fresh water lakes, and estuaries. An aquatic ecosystem is made up of all the live plants and animals and all the land in the area. The topography can consist of coral reefs, tidal zones, estuaries, river mouths, and salt water reefs. Any plant or animal life in salt water will have adapted to it’s environment. The tropical ecosystem and the river and estuaries actually have a lot in common. In all of them, plants and animals have a symbiotic relationship that allows them to survive and keeps the system healthy.

Experts who have studied have found that the food chain is determined by the predators. The top of the food chain in any are the biggest and strongest mammals and fish and the bottom of the food chain is the coral and other tiny life forms. Animals like seals, dolphins, and whales are often part of a salt water system. The tiny fish and the crustaceans are near the very bottom of the food chain. These tiny life forms are actually a very necessary part of the system. In fact, they are vital. The tiniest plants and the plankton are necessary so the larger animals can survive. It also needs the tides, currents, and sand bars and rock reefs in order to be healthy. The animals that interact with it like jelly fish, rays and eels are also part of the delicate balance.

It may not be easy to see at first how humans have affected the aquatic ecosystem but much research has been done on this subject and we know how we affect it. Everything we do from fishing to fertilizing crops and fields can have an effect in some way. Other things that can affect include toxins that get released into the water and washed in with the tides, plastics and other waste that ends up in the water, and fuel and oil spills from ships on the ocean. These all have a very negative effect on the delicate balance.

In order for the thousands of aquatic species to survive, it’s crucial that we take care of it, regardless of where those are located – in the tropical waters, or in the Antarctic and Arctic oceans. No one is self-contained; every one in the world is affected by anything that happens in other aquatic ecosystems.

Article Source: