Krystal Blue Intl.


Ocean Facts: Marine Life in the Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the greatest illustration of marine biodiversity in this world with its vibrant population of whales, sharks and fish. That’s why it is very important conserve this diverse marine life through education.

If you would like understand everything with regards to the ocean and marine life, the best place to begin with is the largest ocean on earth, the Pacific Ocean. It covers about 135,663 kilometers of coastline and about 28% of the world’s surface. It stretches through the coastlines of continents such as North America, South America, Asia, and Australia. The Mariana Trench is the deepest portion of any ocean on earth with a depth of 36,201 feet. Numerous islands also dot this wide ocean, which includes Tahiti, Fiji, and Hawaii.

Because of its vastness, the Pacific Ocean is additionally the place to find numerous sea animals. It is one of the most diverse habitats in this world as you’ll find whales, dolphins, fish, and crustaceans here. From the most fearsome sharks to tiny planktons, you will find a diverse assortment of ocean life in this part of the world. This huge number of marine life helps make this ocean among the finest sites for biodiversity on earth.

Just what sorts of sea animals is found in the Pacific? On the topmost tier of the food chain is the whale. The blue, humpback, and sperm whales are just many of the beings which thrive in this ocean. These gentle beings are important in the environment and diversity of the Pacific. Krill, plankton, as well as other tiny fish are a significant part of the diet of the gentle giants, however the killer whale can consume other whales and seals. Sadly, a few of these sea animals are on the brink of extinction.

Various types of sharks also call the Pacific Ocean their home. These kinds of predators are sometimes misrepresented in movies and in books, and this has sometimes added to the species’ vulnerability and near extinction. Its skin comprises of cartilage material (a stuff that is present in human noses and ears), which makes it very hard to cut into.

The Pacific Ocean is also home to a lot of types of fish used in industrial fishing which includes salmon, sardines, and mackerel. Extraordinary kinds of fish such as the Cocinero, Hawaiian ladyfish, and Bering flounder are also found in this ocean. This kind of marine life feeds many people, which is one of the reasons why it is really worth protecting.

The world’s greatest coral reefs are also in the Pacific. These coral reefs are the place to find a diversity of ocean life, which is why a lot of energy is invested in preserving them. Reefs can take thousands of years to develop plus some have even taken up to millions of years to build. The Pacific Ocean is home to wonderful coral reefs such as the ones situated in Australia, New Caledonia, and Papua New Guinea. These reefs contain huge ocean life which needs to be preserved.

The Pacific Ocean isn’t just a large, blue, and vacant space. It’s full of sea animals as well as other organisms that contribute so much to the harmony in the eco-system. We need to understand the value of the ocean and the marine life for us to learn ways to safeguard our heritage for ourselves and for the future generation. Preserving this vast collection of ocean life needs to be one of the top priorities in our preservation efforts, and education plays a large role in this. With the right education, we may just be able to preserve many of the sea animals on the brink of extinction these days.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/5649358

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Have You Realized How Badly We Treat Our Oceans?

Saltwater oceans cover about 71% of the Earth’s surface. Because we don’t consume this water, we often forget that this ocean water is a precious resource. We ignore the need to conserve this resource as much as the Earth’s other natural environments, such as the trees, air, Amazon rainforest, glaciers and the desert. People don’t think about the consequences of destroying the Earth’s oceans.

“The rolling of the sea across the planet creates over half our oxygen, drives weather systems and natural flows of energy and nutrients around the world, transports water masses many times greater than all the rivers on land combined, and keeps the Earth habitable. Without the global ocean there would be no life on Earth.” ~Greenpeace

“Coral reefs are made predominately of stony corals and supported by the limestone skeleton they excrete. These rainforests of the sea are home to a quarter of all marine fish species. In addition to the variety of marine life they support, coral reefs are also immensely beneficial to humans, buffeting coastal regions from strong waves and storms, providing millions of people with food and jobs and promoting advances in modern medicine.” ~Jennifer Horton, HowStuffWorks.com

Oceans do impact on people – on our food, jobs and weather. People populate less than 30% of the Earth’s surface, but we affect the entire planet by leaching toxins into the soil and dumping our waste, oil and gasoline into the oceans.

Let’s think about that for a second. Men live on less than 30% of the Earth’s surface. We’re outnumbered by land animals, birds, fish, marine mammals, plants, both above and below the ocean’s surface. Insects. Reptiles. Yet we’re callously eating our way through their homes and their natural habitat through the belief of divine right. Simply because man has the greatest ability to spread himself across the Earth’s surface we’re somehow superior? Somehow we have the right to use these irreplaceable resources with no regard for the lives we’re going to be affecting?

“[It is] immoral to damage needlessly a remote and largely unknown assemblage of organisms-even if they are out-of-sight, out-of-mind, and apparently of little importance to the general ecological processes in the ocean-through negligent and ignorant abuse of the oceans.” ~Martin Angel, “Ocean Trench Conservation”, 1982

If People Destroy the Oceans, We Destroy Not Only Ourselves But Other Innocent Lives. What Can We Do To Stop This?

It’s essential to publicize the need to conserve our oceans. It’s also necessary to take action rather than just talking about it – if talking worked politicians and lobbyists would have fixed the problem a long time ago. We need to take action now and make a real difference to the future of our oceans.

Greenpeace and organizations like them are taking great steps to promote ocean conservation, but they can’t do this alone. Ordinary people like you and me also need to take responsibility for preserving our oceans. Here are some steps we can take:

1 Protest the dumping of trash and wastes into the ocean. The ocean is designed to manage itself, but it can’t do that if we’re pumping it full of junk.

2 Support marine conservation areas and steer clear of protected nesting areas.

3 Household cleaning products leach into the soil and eventually end up in the water supply. So reduce the number of household pollutants that you use and use natural products as much as you can.

4 Carpool where you can. Ride a bike. What you pump into the air isn’t doing our marine life any favors either.

5 Use paper products rather than plastic ones.

6 Recycle as much as you possibly can.

It’s your responsibility as much as anyone’s to keep our oceans healthy for the next generation to enjoy.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/6777024



KBI’s Ode to Sea Turtles

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Plastic: Friend or Foe
February 7, 2012, 2:47 pm
Filed under: aquatic ecosystem preservation | Tags: , ,
Which side are you on?

Plastic is sometimes considered the best modern invention on the planet.  Sometimes it is considered the worst.  Have you ever thought about it?  Plastic is convenient, lightweight and for the most part indestructible, but that’s what makes it a huge problem for our planet.  According to the Environmental Protection Agency, the US alone generated 31 million tons of plastic waste in 2010.

Think it’s all recycled?  Guess again!  Only 8% (less than 2.5 million tons) was reclaimed, mostly PET and HDPE (those labeled #1 & #2).  The demand for reclaimed #1 & #2 plastics exceeds the amount recycled so make sure you return every #1 and #2 bottle you can.  These can be upcycled (create products of higher value) into carpet, clothing fibers, or furniture.

What about the other 28 million tons?  Those #5 containers (yogurt, hummus, sour cream, take-out) usually aren’t accepted (or recycled) by your locale.  You can suggest they get involved with a #5 recycling program.  You can drop them off at retailers like Whole Foods or send them to Preserve whose Gimme 5 program http://www.preserveproducts.com/recycling/gimme5.html) has saved tons of plastic from reaching our landfills and oceans.  Preserve upcycles the containers into new items which are sold at Target, Trader Joe’s and Whole Foods or you can order directly online.

What happens if we don’t cut down on plastic choices or recycle?  The North Pacific Gyre aka “The Great Pacific Garbage Patch” is an island of floating debris larger than the state of Texas, made up of 80% plastic and located between San Francisco and Hawaii.  It is the point where four ocean currents converge and create a clockwise circular pattern, trapping this garbage and debris forever.  Birds, fish, and sea turtles die everyday from being trapped or injured in the massive swirl of garbage.

If that doesn’t kill them, the petro chemicals from the plastics will, and eventually these petro chemicals make their way into our food supply.   Plastic breaks down into smaller and smaller pieces from exposure to sunlight.  Fish and sea life eat the small plastic, passing them on via the natural food chain.  Studies suggest that plastic is more prevalent than plankton in this area!  Eventually the toxic plastic makes its way into OUR food chain and our bodies since fish makes up 1/5 of the protein eaten worldwide.  No one has been able to figure out a way to remove the plastic or even reduce the current size of the mass.  We don’t need more plastic in our oceans!
What can you do to REDUCE YOUR USE OF PLASTIC?        

  • 80% of all water bottles are not recycled! Use a glass or your own reusable bottle
  •  Stop using plastic garbage bags to take out the trash –switch to compostable  bags
  • Bring your own fabric bags to grocery and retail stores


  • Ask the takeout place to skip the plastic utensils, sauce packets & plastic bag
  • Carry your own coffee mug or soft drink glass instead of using styrofoam


  • Choose paper, glass or metal over plastic
  • Ask the dry cleaner to provide eco-friendly reusable bags instead of plastic film
  • Ziplocs, enough said — try a reusable container or glass or metal


WATER SPOUTS
 

Why care about sharks? The hammerhead and many other shark species are on the verge of extinction, with populations decreasing 98% in recent years. In 2004, North Carolina’s 100 year old bay scallop fishing industry was forced shut down due to a direct link with declining shark populations. Over 70 million sharks are killed each year, the majority for their prized shark fins. The media-driven shark frenzy makes us believe sharks are harmful, yet statistically this fear is completely unfounded. Killing sharks threatens our oceans worldwide with our marine ecosystem already collapsing as a direct effect. We must work together to save these magnificent creatures in order to save ourselves and all of our beautiful sea life for future generations.Sharks have been a part of the eco chain for 400 million years, existing longer than dinosaurs. In contrast, humans have only been on earth 100,000 years. As apex predators, sharks are essential to the marine ecosystem, patrolling our oceans to limit overpopulation of other species, eating sick or old fish and maintaining “survival of the fittest” among its prey. As the shark population declines, the oceans will not be able to adjust and eventually all sea life will become endangered, including shellfish and coral.

A 2007 study on the dwindling shark population along the eastern US coast showed a dramatic increase in the number of rays and skates, which feed on bi-valves (scallops, clams, oysters). As the ray population increases due to the decrease in predatory sharks, rays consume an overabundance of shellfish, putting the shellfish population in danger and eliminating our ability to harvest and consume scallops, clams and oysters. Upholding this study is the fact that North Carolina’s 100 year old bay scallop fishing industry between the Outer Banks and the mainland had completely shut down by 2004. Decreased sharks in this area led to a flourishing of cownose rays which consumed the bay scallops, leaving too few to sustain fishing and limiting successful reproduction for the following years. Fish provide 1/5 of the animal protein eaten worldwide, so how many more people would be starving without fish andshellfish to eat?

Sharks are not the enemy and rarely do they attack randomly, unprovoked. Shark attacks average less than 100 per year worldwide, the vast majority being non-fatal. We kill almost 1 million sharks per year for every one “attack”. According to the Center for Disease Control, 4000 people drown yearly in the United States. Shark related deaths tracked on The Global Shark Attack File over the past 200 years total about 1125 worldwide. They list 11 fatalities as of September, 2011, with none occurring in the US. For comparison, The National Weather Service statistics average 55 lightening related fatalities in the US alone per year, so your odds of being killed by lightening are much higher than ever being attacked by a shark! My husband Bill Graham and our network of friends, including many professional underwater photographers, collectively have tens of thousands of shark encounters without a single “attack” incident. Become informed, understand the facts, and educate your friends and family about sharks.

As responsible humans we must ban shark finning worldwide, protect our shark population, allow them to repopulate themselves, and embrace these precious creatures. Our marine ecosystem depends on it. The megladon, a giant shark averaging 50 feet in length that was plentiful in our waters 1.5 – 25 million years ago, can only be found in museums today. Their fossilized giant teeth are uncovered by ocean divers and prized among collectors. In contrast, the majestic blue whale population has increased as much as 10 fold over the past 50 years from its low of less than 2,000 in 1964. The ban on whaling put an end to their declining population and while still endangered, the blue whale is a perfect example of the progress we can make together. We must now do the same for the sharks!

For more information and education please see:
sharkattackfile.net – Information compiled on shark attacks over the past 2
centuries by the Shark Research Institute.
sharksavers.org – Information and education on sharks worldwide
sharks.org – The Shark Research Institute
na.oceana.org – Oceana – Join the supporters, join the petitions, help the aquatic
ecosystem worldwide.
acottonphoto.com – For some amazing photography!